Two major natural disaster of extreme drought and massive floods that occurs at several regions in Indonesia in the last three years has shown us that how supportive of nature and the resilience of our environment are now very alarming and worrying.
The government along with law enforcement officers continue to tighten forest supervision, for example on Sumbawa Island to suppress illegal logging by certain parties. Illegal logging in the forests is a source of drought and the difficulty of clean water experienced on Sumbawa Island. “Deforestation is irresponsible or irresponsible. Impacts on spring points that used to be large, now only a few percent remain. Overcoming this problem of illegal logging, he said, is not enough to rely on supervision by government officials alone. It would be nice for the government to provide programs, such as tree planting or reforestation. After that, public awareness is also needed to be able to work with the government together to protect the forest”, said Imam Putra as the founder of redwhitefoundation.org.
According to him, the impact of this drought did not only occur in the eastern part of NTB or Sumbawa Island, but also occurred evenly. Specifically on Sumbawa Island, the problem of drought is not a new problem and has been going on for a long time. The problem will never be solved, if there is no solidarity from all elements, including public awareness. If this continues, it does not rule out the possibility of drought impacts and the difficulty of clean water will be worse than before. Responding to the drought, collaboration between the government and the community is needed.
Due to massive deforestation caused flash floods that submerged almost the entire City of Bima and some areas of the Regency of Bima. The flood loss reached trillions of rupiah. Until early 2019, repair of infrastructure damaged by flash floods has not yet been completed. After the floods in Dompu and Bima were not over, the floods “moved” to Sumbawa Regency. Overflow of river water carrying mud material. Thousands of houses were submerged, dozens of houses were damaged, many public facilities were submerged, and the government spent quite a bit of money to repair damaged facilities and relocate residents. Signs of flooding will begin to appear at the end of 2018. Some areas that have been flooded begin to control brownish water. Beginning in 2019, Sambelia, East Lombok Regency, was welcomed by the flood. Brownish water. Water down from the hills enters the road. The temporary houses of the victims of the earthquake were partially damaged, unable to be inhabited due to flooding. Small floods like this always occur before the flashbacks that have hit Sambelia, the last 10 years.
In the other eastern Indonesia places, the Indonesian Forum for the Environment (Walhi) Papua stated, the Sentani flood in March 2019, Jayapura which caused 709 people to die and 43 people missing, due to land conversion and illegal logging or deforestation.
To combat the issue of deforestation, we will promote the idea of zero deforestation in its production. An idea that contains a commitment to no longer cut rainforest (Tropical Rainforest) which includes HCVF (High Conservation Value Forest) and HCS (High Carbon Stock); and only receives wood supply from legal sources such as Industrial Plantation Forest (HTI) or from other production forests.
Real action needs to be applied in everyday life moment starting from ourself. According to founder of redwhitefoundation.org, young people of eastern Indonesia must be an inspiring agent in monitoring the sensitivity of environmental problems.